open ended survey questions

According to different industry sources the online survey market is quickly growing and was around $5B in revenue in 2019, and part of the giant market research market valued at $80B in revenue. It’s pretty clear that as brands compete for customer revenue, they are searching for feedback to help them win these competitive battles and an online survey is an easy route. 

However, most surveys only use closed end questions – ones with several suggested answers in place. The main reason is that analyzing open ended survey questions is a challenge, and in most cases requires a lot of effort and time.

open ended survey questions

Why are open-ended questions critical to successful a survey?

Close ended survey questions will only allow you to get pre-defined answers and won’t let your customers surprise you with something you didn’t know already. Which might be critical if you wish to have innovative products and marketing strategy.

Leveraging closed ended questions only has so many shortcomings around this key assumption that you already know what your customers want to tell you:

  • You come up with the questions 
  • You come up with the answers

But what about questions you didn’t put into your survey or what about answers that you didn’t leave room for?

Let’s take a quick example of a Product Manager conducting market research on the sporting goods industry. You notice that your latest shoe model is not taking off in sales as it should and there’s not much online feedback available in reviews.

Naturally you are inclined to run a quick survey among customers, but now you need to envision the problems customers a facing with the new shoe that you are not really aware of yet. Without open ended questions like “what don’t you like about this shoe” how can you succeed and how can you cut short the fix cycle?

Still, as open-ended survey questions analysis is time consuming and challenging most product managers in the example would still opt for a closed-question survey which will now just waste more time till you get results and likely will only trigger another survey with more questions afterwards.

Why is open-ended questions analysis so challenging?

We will divide the answer into 3 and base it on the 3 most common customer satisfaction survey categories:

Enterprise Customer satisfaction Survey tools:

Today’s “best practice” for analyzing unstructured customer opinions heavily relies on experts. Data scientists, Analysts and IT folks have become an integral part for conducting surveys, most companies will not run an open ended survey without securing these resources.

They need to setup and train a software to recognize patterns in customer feedback like: Sales, Service, Design, Price, Shipping, Packaging etc.

This is a heavy undertaking by a brand as it means a sizable $ commitment, which in most cases means they will not run the survey at all or it will be done on a generic, brand level basis. Specific industry or themes like skin sensitivity or battery life are left out and the survey will only cover price attractiveness, loyalty, general quality etc.

Affordable “off the shelf” customer satisfaction survey tools:

These put the effort back to the survey owner and typically suggest that they will either analyze answers manually, or use a generic / open source tools for “theme analysis” – selecting repeating words in the text surfaced by such tools as a way to group answers into themes/areas such as availability, price, etc.

For these you need to have the time and patience to go through the extra analysis to drive a better understanding.

Outsourcing survey completely to a 3rd party

If you have the budget to outsource your research, you can get help that will take your needs for the survey and will wrap it up with services and extra analysis (likely manual) to help drive better insights. Key difference here is obviously the budget, but the timeline will also typically will be longer.

To sum it all up, for most brand decision makers surveys with open ended questions are not a real option, as seen in this summary table:


Enterprise Customer satisfaction Survey tools“Off the shelf” survey toolsOutsourced survey solutions
CostExisting – no extra costLowHigh
Time to insightsDaysDaysWeeks to months
EffortLow, but likely no pre-configured ability for open answers analysisHighLow
SummaryLikely no open answers analysis abilityLikely no open answers analysis abilityLong time to insights & High cost

What are the makings of an open-ended survey analysis solution?

With thousands of operational roles in brands looking to get answers to questions on Marketing, Product, Service, eCommerce etc., what would make a solution usable for such a wide audience so they can leverage open ended survey questions:

  • Self sufficient
    1. Usable by any business user (intuitive to use with online/self-training)
    2. No IT or Experts involved (No other department needed)
    3. Priced for an individual or small department 
  • Getting timely and actionable insights
    1. Delivering actionable insights from open-ended answers
    2. Short time to insights (Days)
    3. Tweaking the analysis at will, using filters of sorts

What has changed for open-ended survey questions in 2020?

Open-ended survey questions are not a new research tool. However, going into 2020 we have been seeing some new applications and innovations when it comes to using open-ended questions for consumer feedback collection.

The first major innovation is the increased awareness of customers’ language. Increasing volumes of surveys are using more day-to-day and common terms and phrases. Using jargon often causes misunderstandings and creates frustration, hindering customer communications. So, more and more brands are using consumer language for their open-ended questions.

Another great application for open-ended questions in 2020 is obtaining more context behind consumer actions, needs, and wants. open-ended questions allow your customers to express themselves, and in their own words. They will tell you what they think you should be working on next, which contributes to a certain pain point or provide information about unique selling points (USPs) you can leverage to generate sales. 

A third new aspect to open-ended questions we have seen this year is the embracing of negative feedback. While some brand and client shy away from negative feedback, bad reviews, or upset social media posts are a gold mine for consumer insights. Make sure to word and phrase open-ended questions in a manner that will encourage consumers to talk about what bothers them. It’ll help you improve and optimize customer experience and service.

Last but not least, make an effort to show survey progress. Nowadays, no one has spare time or let alone attention span. So, many consumers appreciate knowing how much longer it will take for them to complete a survey. Adding a simple progress bar, or any other indication of how many questions are left will keep users engaged and motivated when answering your survey.

Conclusion

Most online survey solutions today are not offering open-ended survey questions as a real option. These are either expensive to activate (with all the extra work that needs to go into setup and maintenance) or require the survey commissioner to put in the extra hours of analysis. Outsourced options are just more expensive and will likely take longer than desired time to insights – which means we are pretty much left with an entire market that only analyzes closed-ended questions. 

But key trends demand that more knowledge will be put into the hands of operational roles in brands: 

  • Customers become more vocal about their experiences
  • Brands become more sophisticated and competitive with new products, niches invented or tested continuously (Whoever thought a convertible SUV would be a thing…)

This is why open-ended survey questions will become mainstream once there are the right solutions that can help brands leverage them. These will better cater to the masses within brands that crave actionable insights. If you have any feedback or questions on analyzing open-ended survey questions feel free to reach out to us to find out more here.

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